Regulation can lead to mixed results in the financial markets. Stock market investors prefer regulation of the industry for a number of reasons. For example, regulation protects them from losing their money when engaging in the financial markets. Sometimes, one firm may be in charge of regulation of the whole financial industry in a country. Some countries also allow multiple bodies to regulate various sectors of the financial market. Any type of regulation has its pros and cons.
Rules Are Different Across the Globe
All countries around the world have rules that govern participation in their financial industry. The responsibilities and powers of the regulatory bodies vary depending on the countries where they operate in.
In some countries, all matters related to the financial sector have been assigned to a single regulatory firm. Participants in the financial sectors of these countries have to engage with the regulators body in different ways. Examples of the areas that a regulators body may be in charge of include insurance, banking and trading securities. All the rules related to the financial sector of the country may be made by the regulatory body.
There are a number of benefits of having the financial sector being regulated by a single body. For example, investors would find it easy to operate when they only have to deal with a single regulatory body. Both players and investors can easily get the guidance they need regarding specific issues related to the financial sector. Finally, when one makes contact with the regulatory body, all their problems could be solved at one go.
Countries that have a single regulator find it easy to enforce financial rules. The regulator can also easily address all the concerns that player in the securities or other financial markets may have.
Working with Different Regulators
Some countries have divided their financial industry into subsectors and tasked various bodies with the regulatory processes. For example, regulation of the insurance sector may be done at a state level. When it comes to banking, you may find that the central government is the one in charge of the regulations. Other bodies may be in charge of regulating other subsectors such as futures trading, stock market, and so on.
You should also know the benefits and drawbacks of having more than one regulator in an industry. For instance, when there are multiple regulators in the industry, players and investors are likely to get specialized help. It would be nearly impossible to provide specialized help if there was only one regulator in the country. Moreover, since none of the agencies have unlimited powers, they are bound to cooperate with each other.
The above is an overview of the pros and cons of single and multiple regulators.
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